In Turkey, rainbow trout, sea bass and sea bream production grew rapidly from 1990 to 2000, but the following two years were accompanied with a slowdown in growth rate of the sector as a result of economic crisis in 2001. In 2003, the aquaculture production of 1314 farms was 78 thousand tons only.
To stimulate the economic development of the sector, in particular, increasing fish production, the Government of Turkey decided to build capacity of aquaculture sector and provide financial support to fish farmers.
The implementation of the support plan was carried out by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Turkey. In this process, it has been reiterated that environmental measures should be strictly monitored according to the EU standards, and that no support should be given for antibiotics and other chemicals that adversely affect the ecosystem. The payment was released depending on the sales bill during the early period of the subsidisation but later on the amount of consumed fish feed.
During the early subsidisation period (2003-2013) fingerlings of fish species were supported with 0.05 TL/ind. Subsidisation amount for rainbow trout increased from 0.30 at the beginning to 0.65 TL/kg. Sea bream and sea bass support amounts were 0.50-0.85 TL/kg that was ended in 2015. Meanwhile, 1TL support for each kg of new species is given to diversifying Turkish aquaculture. Owing to the financial support, all farm productions and real capacity were able to be properly monitored and recorded.
This action gave its fruit and increased the production at a significant level. The growth rate of aquaculture production of Turkey was 300.6% during the subsidisation period. Total annual production increased from 79,943 to 240,334 ton. As a result of the subsidisations an extra employment has been created for the rural areas and people could increase their income at a meaningful rate. Also, aquaculture diversification has been performed in both marine and freshwater environments.
Several factors played significant roles in this successful program, including the determination of the government, entrepreneurs’ investments and taking risks and consciousness-raising by fisheries associations.
Solutions can be easily replicated but it is suggested that the subsidization must be conducted fort a short term in order to allow the overgrowth in the sector compared the actual requirement.
Budget: In total the farmers` received support has been achieved 1.14 billion TL.
Partners: General directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock of Turkey, Aquaculture Farmers Association
General Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Livestock of Turkey
Address: Eskişehir Yolu 9. Km Lodumlu / ANKARA