Large arrays of natural pastures in Kyrgyzstan with total area over nine thousand ha occupy more than 85% of the agricultural land area.
The Law on Pastures, adopted in Kyrgyzstan in 2009 brings a more efficient and transparent management of pasture resources decentralizing governance of pastoral systems. Under it all the pastures in the country are a national treasure, and cannot be privatized. All rights and authority to manage pastures were transferred to the National Public Pasture Users Association and local pasture committees – community organizations of herders.
The main functions of the local pasture Committee are followings:
- Planning of pasture management;
- Planning of the pastures' (grazing) use and development of pasture infrastructure;
- Budgeting and cost calculation of pasture ticket. The latter entitles use of pastures for grazing and confirms status of members of association;
- Managing livestock herds through determining special areas of pastures (underpasses) for the moving of cattle between pastures by the by the zhayyt committees;
- Monitoring of the state of pastures;
- Monitoring of the plan implementation.
In the process of reform 454 Pasture User Unions with pasture committees called Zhayyt committee were established. Members of pasture committees received basic trainings on sustainable pasture management.
As a result of the reform the income for use of pastures have grown in 16 times - from $1.4 million to $24 million in 2014. Revenues of local pasture committees reached $20-30 thousand per year, which allows them to independently solve the primary problems, such as repair of roads, construction and/or repair of small bridges and junctions, creation of watering livestock. This, in turn, increased the area of grazed pastures to 430 thousand ha and had a positive impact on the farms. In average, a Kyrgyz family in village has 60 heads of cattle, which, in fact, is its main source of income. Some pasture committees have social programs, such as summer camps in traditional houses “yurts” for local children.
The pasture committees since 2010 participated in the testing and implementation of the innovative electronic system “E-Pasture Committee”, which is a unique system and currently the only tool for operational management and monitoring of pasture status. All the leaders and members of the pilot pasture committees noted the importance of the electronic module, as the automated Information System "Electronic Pasture Committee" made it much easier for them to work with pasture users. In particular, they noted improved reporting procedures, possibility to monitor the vaccination process, taking into account the actual livestock population, monitor pasture degradation and payment to pasture committees.
At present, the IP "Electronic Pasture Committee" is being implemented in the pasture committees of 11 districts of three regions with pastures in the Suusamyr Valley
“Electronic pasture committee” information system promoted formation of an equitable and socially acceptable system for distributing pastures, resolving conflicts of interest, ensuring effective public control (reporting, transparency), and thereby improving the pasture management system at the local level.
Under economic assessment as a result of such work in Kyrgyzstan it was found that the explored area under the proper management can generate incomes equal to 13 million USD.
Partners: Ministry of Agriculture, Food Industry and Melioration of the Kyrgyz Republic, UNDP, “Kyrgyz Jayity” National Pasture Users’ Association of Kyrgyzstan
Contact person: Egemberdiev Abdimalik, Chairman
National Pasture Users Association of the Kyrgyz Republic
Phone: +996 312 375044