The Project started in January 2010 with an objective to implement an urgent set of adaptation - focused measures that would minimize and reverse the food insecurity of small scale farmers and pastoralists thereby reducing the vulnerability of the rural communities induced by climate change.
The Project is focused on:
1) Resilience of food production systems in the face of climate change;
2) Institutional and individual capacities to implement climate risk management in the agricultural sector;
3) Strengthened and better understanding of lessons learned and emerging best practices captured and up scaled at the national level.
By 2014 the Project has promulgated and introduced modern and new technologies with the identified and tested packages of water harvesting techniques, drought resistant varieties, innovative irrigation methods, community based natural resource management and introduction of more suitable crops, alternative energy sources, animal production activities with emphasis on improved varieties of goats and supplementary feeds.
In-situ water harvesting techniques implemented in two states of Sudan have increased productivity of crops by 50% to 160%.
In North Kordofan, three wells were dug, supplied with pumps using solar energy and are used for producing crops and vegetables and for providing irrigation of the tree shelterbelts.
In the state of Gedarif, different water harvesting techniques were used in a total area of 650 hectares (Ha). 55 farmers benefitted from these techniques and in addition they received 208 sacks of early maturing sorghum variety.
In South Darfur, water harvesting interventions were implemented in six sites with a total area of 636 feddans (267 ha); 270 farmers benefited from the earth embankments (terraces) constructed for harvesting rain water. Early maturing varieties of Sorghum and Millet were distributed to the farmers. There was a marked increase in the productivity of the soils that benefitted from the terraces. About 1000 tree seedlings were produced and planted by the farmers as live fences.
In River Nile state, solar energy is used to pump water to irrigate two shelterbelts using drip irrigation. Replacement of diesel pumps used to irrigate crops by solar driven pumps is in process.
Butane gas cylinders and stoves were distributed in the four states on a revolving fund basis.
The project has directly helped over 20,000 people in diverse socio-economic and ecological conditions to adapt to climate change, increasing resilience to climate variability and overcoming poverty.
Owing to community participation approach through the Village Development Committees and involvement of all stakeholders in state technical committees that included researchers, academicians, agriculture and natural resources practitioners and community representatives the trust of a large number of beneficiaries, increasing their understanding of climate change, and changing their attitudes to natural resource management practices has been achieved.
Partners: Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), UNDP Sudan, Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources (Sudan)
P.O. Box 10488, Khartoum
Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources, Sudan
NAPA Implementation Project
Dr. Mutasim B. Nimir, Project Manager
One of UNIDO`s key activities is to build trade capacity by strengthening capacities in quality, standardization and conformity assessment, both at institutional and enterprise level, in order to foster the ability of developing countries to enter global food value chains. ETRACE helps Egyptian farmers, food producers and packers along the food value chain to meet European/International food quality, safety and traceability standards, ensuring that products are safe and do not encounter barriers to trade. To this day, ETRACE has provided support to 90/200 packing houses in the country and their suppliers (which account for approximately 85% of all exports) & assisted governmental institutions and service providers.
The comparative advantage of the solution:
a. success factors and innovative elements:
- Integrated concept covering all value chain members
- blend of technical and financial assistance
b. main partners:
- Ministry of Trade and Industry and Ministry of Agriculture
- Export Councils and Chamber of Food Industries
- Private Sector Impact: Overcome possible barriers to trade, thus ensuring the continuity of Egyptian exports of food products (fresh produce) and minimizing risks for businesses
- Technical capacity at operators level developed;
- operators are willing to invest in the future in traceability systems and expand existing ones
- Governmental bodies such as General Organization of Export and Import Control take over responsibilities for traceability implementation at the national level
Enabling Government commitment and awareness raising among key stakeholders. Integrated concept covering technical as well as financial assistance in addition to inclusion of all members of the value chain & implementation through full time national staff customizing international best practices to local context
Potential mistakes to be avoided:
- to implement such a solution in isolation from national counterparts and key stakeholder organization
- have a rigid technical and financial assistance scheme (customization should be also done based on the size and situation of each category of beneficiaries)
Recent Annual Budget (USD): 800000
Total Budget (USD): 3000000
Focal Point & Contact:
Cairo Regional Office, UNIDO
2 Latin America Street, Garden City, Cairo
On-Demand Support Facility: Egypt
Geographic focus: Arab and African countries are the primary geographical focus. However, technical services are provided to other partner countries around the globe.
Thematic focus areas/sectors/practices supported by the mechanism:
Technical services on:
a) Post-harvest handling and processing of agricultural crops.
b) Quality and food safety management systems.
c) Food Traceability.
Steps/stages in practical application of the
a) Agreement on scope of assistance.
b) Provision of services.
c) Assisted E-Learning : with assistance from national experts, e-learning courses for partner countries.
d) On-site technical assistance; conduct technical missions to other countries in order to provide support in traceability, supply chain management and related matters.
e) Study tours for delegations to Egypt; delegates from other developing countries can be exposed to Egyptian experience in the design, the establishment and operation of traceability systems at national, farm and food processor levels, as well as various aspects of agro-industrial development and compliance to international quality and safety standard.
Results to Date:
a) ETRACE provided technical assistance/advisory services to 14 countries on traceability and related issues.
b) Study tours to Egypt from the following countries: Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Lebanon, China, Moldova, Vietnam, South Africa, Philippines, Tanzania, Ghana.
c) Technical Missions by ETRACE to the following countries: Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Lebanon, Ghana, India, Vietnam, Moldova, South Africa. Piloting GFSI Basic Level in Egypt and India with Metro Group.
d) E-learning Portal developed and managed by ETRACE: Two e-courses on Traceability and Fundamentals of Quality and Food Safety.
e) ETRACE formalized as a Technology Centre affiliated to Ministry of Industry and Foreign Trade.
Most Recent Annual Budget (USD):100,000
Total Budget (USD):300,000
Focal Point and Contact:
UNIDO Cairo Regional Office
2 Latin America Street, Garden City, Cairo
Egypt has a variety of developmental causes and initiatives that everyday citizens are not aware of, and thus lack funding and support from the society.
Bassita is an Egyptian web-based start-up that focuses on social and environmental causes, and aids in their development through the use of cause-marketing.
The Clickfunding Model was born in January 2014, in aftermath of january 25 revolution when the founders of Bassita recognized the lack of interaction between internet users and development causes and decided to tackle this gap by creating a short-cut for the traditional funding processes. Their aim was to provide a mechanism. The Bassita team developed the first Clickfunding model in the world, which aims to transform everyday web-users into web philanthropists through the click of a mouse.
How it works?
In order to accomplish its mission, Bassita works in collaboration with four main categories of stakeholders.
Bassita has carried out its first project in collaboration with Baraka Fashion to deliver eyeglasses to artisans in Khalta, a village in the governorate of Fayoum. The campaign was successful, as the video released by Bassita about the cause received 10,000 views and Baraka Fashion provided 1,000 eyeglasses to artisans in rural communities.Among many others success stories there is also for an example of : water life
A video showing the comedian Maged al-Kedawny, along with the Arabic hashtag "a click connects to water," was viewed on Facebook more than two million times in three days after the campaign`s launch in February and he collect 1,000 Water Connections in Upper Egypt.
Bassita won the Young Innovators Award which is under the umbrella of Nahdet El Mahrousa and is an innovation program.
In January, 2015, Thinkers and Doers; an international forum at the Arab World Institute in Paris recognized Bassita as one of the most impactful projects in the Middle East.
Bassita only relies on information technology, which can be easily accessed in most countries. The replication the solution is affordable.
Partners : European Union , Mobinil
Mailing Address: South-South Development Academy: 6th Ibn Maysser st., off Mahmoud Azmy st., Zamalek
Tel: (02) 2737 5086/7/8/9
Fax: (02) 27375084
In Egypt, there is limited collaboration and support between parties such as NPOs, CSOs, corporate, social entrepreneurs and citizens to solve the development problems of Egypt.
To bridge the gap between the tens of thousands of different initiatives in Egypt those are working in social development, Bright Creations, a digital creative agency launched BECAUSE. BECAUSE is an online platform that connects the for-profit and non-profit sectors in the Middle East. It was launched in December 2013, The platform includes BECAUSE, an online magazine which provides information on the work of social innovators, CSR programs, CSOs and charities with the aim of facilitating cross-collaborations, by writing profiles on the interesting projects done by each organization.
BECAUSE reveals what the organizations can offer as well as their needs. BECAUSE, is an online platform that aims to shed light on all the different work done by any entity working in the development field in Egypt with the aim of bringing them all together under one platform so as to find out about one another, connect, interact, join forces and cross-collaborate.
The platform is not just addressed to entities working in the field of development; the articles provide other interested parties with in-depth information on the work of those different players, as well as ways of contacting these entities. It also states how any individual can volunteer. This is topped up, by an easy-to-navigate menu that is linked to other platforms in the development field.
Furthermore, the inclusive atmosphere provided by the website ensures that no party feels left out. BECAUSE covers environmental work in and outside the country, which enriched its viewers to include readers in Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates as well as other countries in the MENA region.
Within four years of implementation, the followings were achieved:
Partners: BECAUSE platform operates under the umbrella of Bridgegypt, a CSR and communications consultancy.
Mailing Address: South-South Development Academy: 6th Ibn Maysser st., off Mahmoud Azmy st., Zamalek
Tel: (02) 2737 5086/7/8/9
Fax: (02) 27375084
Bademi Nursery Agricultural Development Cooperative was established in 1968 with a purpose to bring all local producers under one umbrella in order to improve agricultural productivity of its members. The cooperative involves 313 members, including 194 fruit and ornamental sapling producers, 64 olive oil producers and 55 milk producers. It also provides jobs for 50 seasonal workers and 116 employees.
The cooperative offers its support to the member starting from the capacity building as a primary and essential condition of membership through trainings and study tours around Turkey and abroad till investment support by providing assurance of purchase and sale.
The cooperative provides support to its members in diversified activities:
Partners: IFAD, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock of Turkey
Menemen / İzmir
International Agricultural Research and Training Center (IARTC)
Telephone : +90 232 831 10 52 Fax: +90 232 831 10 51
In recent years in Tanzania, there has been an increasing number of conflicts between farmers and pastoralists, many turning violent. In Kiteto district alone between 2013 and 2015, more than 34 people were killed as a result of such conflicts. With increasing competition for land—in the absence of steps to secure the rights of those with entitlements to land and resources—the situation is likely to deteriorate. With insecure access to grazing lands, a lack of land use planning and continued encroachment of grazing areas by crop farmers and investors alike, pastoralists are often pushed from place to place with no real solution provided to their plight.
In this context the Sustainable Rangeland Management Project (SRMP), led by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries and the National Land Use Planning Commission with financial support from IFAD, Irish Aid, the International Land Coalition (ILC), the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and the Government of Tanzania aims to secure rangelands and the land rights of local rangeland users including pastoralists across the country through the implementation of village land use planning and land certification in collaboration with national and local authorities.. Launched in 2010 in Kiteto district, Manyara region the Project not only supports individual village land use planning, but more importantly joint village land use planning (JVLUP) in order to secure resources such as grazing areas shared across village boundaries. Facilitated by supporting policy and legislation the Project piloted JVLUP in three villages. The grazing areas shared by the three villages is called OLENGAPA to incorporate a part of each village’s name
In the OLENGAPA area the SRMP supported the villagers to carry out a participatory mapping of the different resources in the villages and their distribution, an innovative approach in the village land use planning process. This was used to develop a basemap, including showing which resources are shared by the villages and where they are situated.
SRMP then facilitated village members to come to agreement over the individual village land use maps and plans, as well as the joint village land use map and plan, and the joint village land use agreement (JVLUA). These detailed and ultimately protected the shared grazing area, water points, livestock routes and other shared resources. Reaching agreement was a protracted negotiation process between the villages and within villages between different interest groups, involving many community meetings and much investment of resources. In the end each Village Assembly approved the JVLUA, which allocated 20,706.73 ha of land for shared grazing – that is, around 40 per cent of the total area of the three villages. By-laws for the management of the resources were developed and adopted.
Following on from the approval of the JVLUA, the OLENGAPA Village Councils established a Joint Grazing Land Committee made up of members from all three villages. This Committee is responsible for planning, management, enforcement of by-laws applicable to the OLENGAPA, and coordination of the implementation of the OLENGAPA land use agreements and joint land use plan. In addition a Livestock Keepers Association was established including 53 founding members with most households from the three villages being associate members. In January 2016 the Ministry of Lands approved and registered the village land boundary maps and deed plans for the three villages. The District Council has issued the village land certificates and the next step is for the Village Councils to begin issuing Certificates of Customary Rights of Occupancy (CCROs). The shared grazing area will require three group CCROs to be issued to the Livestock Keepers Association – one from each village for the part of the grazing area that falls under its jurisdiction. Signboards and beacons marking the boundary of the shared grazing area are being put in place.
Result achieved: Between 2010 and 2015, the Sustainable Rangeland Management Project (SRMP) assisted nine villages to carry out VLUP, and successfully piloted the implementation of joint village planning across three of these, leading to the protection through certification of a shared grazing areaa and provision of group CCROs (certificates of customary rights of occupancy). The solution contributed to improving the management of the areas by the established Livestock Keepers Associations and resolving conflicts between land users.
Since 2016 SRMP has been focusing on the scaling-up of the joint VLUP approach in several new clusters of villages, as well as expanding the original ones.
Partners: IFAD, Irish Aid, The International Land Coalition (ILC), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), the Government of Tanzania and local CSOs.
Budget: US$546, 972
Sustainable Rangeland Management Project
Ms.Fiona Flintan, Senior Scientist ILRI and Technical Adviser for the ILC Rangelands Initiative (global component)
Countries: Mauritius, Singapore
The aim of the foresightXchange was to develop an outward-looking, future-oriented and value-based process and compass for innovation in the Civil Service in Mauritius, in response to shifting citizen needs and emerging opportunities for integration of new technologies in service delivery.
The speakers framed the context of the workshop as one in which Mauritius seeks to adapt to increasingly rapid (global) economic, technological and social transformation, and the need for the Civil Service to transform into a more strategic, anticipative and adaptive organisation to guide that shift. The use of foresight was highlighted.
The project was implemented in November 2015.
Applying approaches shared by the foresight experts Malaysia, Singapore and France, the participants in this ForesightXchange were able to, through two days of highly interactive and participatory sessions, propose four prototypes for innovating in public service delivery in Mauritius by 2025. These imaginative, but realistic proposals, which aim at improving service to Mauritius citizens, from the youth to the elderly, have been titled: “Educruise Card”, “Service Riders”, “Baz Travay” and “1.2.3.”
Replication: Facilitation of knowledge sharing and exchange to support public administration reforms
Making Access Possible (MAP) is a diagnostic and programmatic framework to support expanding access to financial services for individuals and micro and small businesses. The MAP framework creates the space to convene a wide range of stakeholders around evidence-based country diagnostic and dialogue and leads to development of national financial inclusion roadmaps. The roadmap identifies key drivers of financial inclusion and includes specific actions that will contribute to greater financial inclusion. The framework has been developed by UNCDF in partnership with FinMark Trust and the Centre for Financial Regulation and Inclusion (Cenfri) and is intended to become a public good that can advance to global financial inclusion agenda.
The MAP programme hosted a global workshop for the Asia and African countries currently running the programme. 40 country coordinators, Government representatives, regional and technical advisors came together from January 26-29 in Johannesburg South Africa for a progress review session. Convened by UNCDF and MAP partners Finmark Trust and the Centre for Financial Regulation and Inclusion (Cenfri), the session brought together UNCDF staffers and Ministry of Finance/Central Bank counterparts from over 15 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries. 2 days were spent with the Asia team to discuss the key learnings and collaborate on the best ways to ensure that the roadmap is implemented. The following 2-day session brought together the Asia and Africa team to collaborate, share learnings and enable implementation of the country roadmaps. MAP Global Programme Advisor, Kammy Naidoo challenged implementers to build bridges between financial inclusion with key issues health, education, and agriculture as well as ensuring that financial inclusion is linked with the real economy.
More information about the workshop is available here: http://www.uncdf.org/en/map-hosts-global-learning-and-sharing-workshop-government-and-country-teams
The global workshop was conducted in 26-29 January 2016 in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Achievements: Government capacity building in the implementation of the MAP process, through the exchange of best practices in other countries.
Delegates expressed that the MAP diagnostic data helps us understand the consumer decision journey of the populations we are trying to meaningfully serve. “MAP is before the real work starts”.
MAP Programme Advisor
As the National Electoral Commission (NEC) moves towards the conduct of Special Elections for Senators in 2014 to be followed probably by referendum in 2015, the administration of NEC deemed it expedient to take a number of steps aimed at enhancing short, medium and long-term viability of the commission. As such, NEC has started capacity building and professional development programs by means of in-house trainings, external study tours and other professional training activities. It is from this backdrop that NEC, in collaboration with UNDP-Liberia organized a study tour to understand the electoral process of Rwanda in September 2013.
The overall objective of said trip was to continuously ensure the personnel and institutional capacities of NEC and House of Representatives/Senate are built. In a nutshell, the trip sought to achieve the following:
The project funded by UNDP was implemented in September 2013.
The two-week study tour was guided by a curriculum that had been developed by UNDP Liberia and the Rwandan election administration to meet the specific needs of the delegation. It included professional presentations that ranged from the administrative structure of NEC Rwanda to the operational bureaucracies. The numerous professional presentations, meetings and visits to NEC Rwanda printing and local offices, provincial governors, national ID authority, gender monitoring office (GMO), National Women Council and election observation revealed to the team that the operational structure of NEC Rwanda is much more developed than that of NEC Liberia. The high level of professionalism and commitment of the core staff in NEC Rwanda makes the electoral process understandable to all stakeholders, including political parties.
Finally, the administrative structure of NEC Rwanda and election operations conducted by it is geared towards sustainability; that is, the Commission has small but highly trained, well-placed professional staff. Because of this, NEC Rwanda uses limited amount of materials during elections to achieve very excellent outcomes. This also is good for the long-term viability of Liberia’s election management body.
Outcome was the basis of an institutional reform, including adoption of modern business processes and procedures by NEC.
National Electoral Commission
P.O. Box, 6449 Kigali – Rwanda
Phone: +250 252597800
The demand for protection of natural resources has stimulated the development of environmental friendly aquaculture technologies. Freshwater pond fish farming is a unique segment of European aquaculture. Pond fish farms besides producing fish provide ecosystem services, contribute to achieve the goals of NATURA 2000, a network of nature protection areas in the territory of the European Union. Extensive fish ponds are usually surrounded by reed belts and natural vegetation, thus providing important habitats for flora and fauna. Many pond fish farms have been turned into multifunctional fish farms, where various other services are provided for recreation, maintenance of biodiversity and improved water management.
The technology on combined intensive-extensive pond systems for water-efficient fish production offers a solution for the treatment of nutrient-rich effluents of intensive pond aquaculture systems. The objective is to reduce pollution from intensive systems and utilize the waste organic content of the effluent water for additional fish meat production, thus increasing the production efficiency and reusing the water. First pilot system established in Hungary in 1998.
The principle of the method is to treat the effluent water enriched with organic and inorganic nutrient of intensive fishponds (high stocking density, intensive feeding) in an extensive pond (medium stocking density supplementary feeding). In the extensive pond, a part of the nutrients is utilised through various biological production processes and the other part is fixed in the pond sediment, and the water treated or purified is recycled to the intensive fishponds. Filtering and bottom-feeding herbivorous and omnivorous fish are reared in polyculture in the extensive pond. The nutrient retention capacity of the system allows for an efficient treatment of the water, after which it is returned to the intensive ponds, ensuring water-efficient fish production.
This solution reuses the waste nutrients, which would otherwise be lost, results in a 20-25% improvement in nutrient utilization. The combined fish production resulted in higher protein utilisation by 26%. The system proved itself efficient in reducing water pollution while obtaining additional fish yield in a water-efficient way.
By using the solution, both the water demand of fish production and the nutrients loading in the environment are decreased.
The system can be adapted to existing or newly built pond systems. Its efficiency is limited by the nutrient retention capacity of the extensive pond but, in case of using carp-based polyculture, 1 ha of pond area can efficiently treat the water from the intensive production of about 10 t fish in Hungarian conditions. Higher treatment efficiency may be expected in warmer climates.
The solution was thoroughly researched in order to better understand the nutrient flows in the system, thus allowing to fine-tune the system and enhance its efficiency. This scientific knowledge and know-how can be of use to other countries.
Budget: The investment and operating costs are about 2.5 and 1.25-2.25 EUR/kg fish yield, respectively. However, it depends on the local material and labour costs, as the system is based on ordinary fish ponds, the investment costs are basically the same as those of pond construction, i.e. they depend on the availability of water, the costs of labour etc. If the system is developed on the basis of an already existing pond system, it significantly reduces the investment need. The operating costs are also similar to the typical local operating costs of pond systems, although the system uses less water, feed and manure than comparable conventional systems while providing extra fish production.
National Agricultural Research and Innovation Center, Research Institute for Fisheries and Aquaculture (NARIC HAKI)
Contact person: Dr. Dénes Gál, Research Institute for Fisheries and Aquaculture (NARIC HAKI)
In Turkey, rainbow trout, sea bass and sea bream production grew rapidly from 1990 to 2000, but the following two years were accompanied with a slowdown in growth rate of the sector as a result of economic crisis in 2001. In 2003, the aquaculture production of 1314 farms was 78 thousand tons only.
To stimulate the economic development of the sector, in particular, increasing fish production, the Government of Turkey decided to build capacity of aquaculture sector and provide financial support to fish farmers.
The implementation of the support plan was carried out by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Turkey. In this process, it has been reiterated that environmental measures should be strictly monitored according to the EU standards, and that no support should be given for antibiotics and other chemicals that adversely affect the ecosystem. The payment was released depending on the sales bill during the early period of the subsidisation but later on the amount of consumed fish feed.
During the early subsidisation period (2003-2013) fingerlings of fish species were supported with 0.05 TL/ind. Subsidisation amount for rainbow trout increased from 0.30 at the beginning to 0.65 TL/kg. Sea bream and sea bass support amounts were 0.50-0.85 TL/kg that was ended in 2015. Meanwhile, 1TL support for each kg of new species is given to diversifying Turkish aquaculture. Owing to the financial support, all farm productions and real capacity were able to be properly monitored and recorded.
This action gave its fruit and increased the production at a significant level. The growth rate of aquaculture production of Turkey was 300.6% during the subsidisation period. Total annual production increased from 79,943 to 240,334 ton. As a result of the subsidisations an extra employment has been created for the rural areas and people could increase their income at a meaningful rate. Also, aquaculture diversification has been performed in both marine and freshwater environments.
Several factors played significant roles in this successful program, including the determination of the government, entrepreneurs’ investments and taking risks and consciousness-raising by fisheries associations.
Solutions can be easily replicated but it is suggested that the subsidization must be conducted fort a short term in order to allow the overgrowth in the sector compared the actual requirement.
Budget: In total the farmers` received support has been achieved 1.14 billion TL.
Partners: General directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock of Turkey, Aquaculture Farmers Association
General Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Livestock of Turkey
Address: Eskişehir Yolu 9. Km Lodumlu / ANKARA